Climate change is a global issue that requires collective and concerted actions. Collaboration between governments, industries, citizens and stakeholders will make it possible to limit global warming to less than 2oC above preindustrial levels. The Government of Québec has taken the path of mobilization and is committed to contributing to the global effort to reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions.
In this context, Québec plays a leading role within Canada and has been active for more than a decade in many organizations, partnerships and alliances that provide innovative and ambitious ideas to fight climate change.
As a result, Québec works closely with various international organizations that:
Promote climate change actions by federated states and regions at the international level:
Québec is a member of the Climate Group* since 2007 and co-chairs the States & Regions Alliance, an international network of subnational governments whose goal is to share best practices in order to accelerate the transition to a low carbon economy. Québec is also a member of the Compact of States and Regions since 2014. This initiative provides a comprehensive overview of climate change efforts by governments and regions around the world.
Québec joined the Network of Regional Governments for Sustainable Development (nrg4SD)* in 2010 and is a member of the steering committee since then. This international body is made up exclusively of federated states and regional governments. Nrg4SD promotes biodiversity, sustainable development and the fight against climate change. It also seeks the recognition at the international level of the commitments made by the subnational governments.
*These two organizations are recognized as official stakeholders by the Secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC).
Québec is a member of the Conference of New England governors and Eastern Canadian premiers (NEG-ECP) which includes five Canadian provinces and six American states. It is a regional forum for multisectoral coordination and cooperation. In 2015, the NEG-ECP adopted a regional GHG reduction progress marker of 35% to 45% below 1990 levels by 2030.
Québec joined the RegionsAdapt initiative in 2015, the first global commitment to support and report regional efforts to adapt to climate change. The initiative provides a framework for cooperation among regions that have varying experiences and capabilities in climate change adaptation.
Québec joined in 2016 the International Alliance to Combat Ocean Acidification that aims to increase knowledge and help coastal communities to adapt to the impacts of this phenomenon.
Support carbon pricing in the global economies:
Along with 74 national and subnational governments, Québec signed the World Bank’s declaration “Putting a price on carbon”. The statement was presented at the September 2014 United Nations Climate Summit.
In 2015, Québec joined the Carbon Pricing Leadership Coalition (CPLC) that was established by the World Bank. The CPLC’s mission is to create links among governments, businesses and civil society leaders to implement efficient carbon pricing policies and mechanisms.
Promote carbon markets as effective tools to reduce GHG emissions:
As co-chair of the International Carbon Action Partnership (ICAP), Québec cooperates with states and public authorities who have a greenhouse gas emission emissions trading systems in place or that are in the process of implementing one, and facilitates exchanges on best practices.
As a technical partner of the World Bank’s Partnership for Market Readiness (PMR), Québec works with 30 countries to assess, prepare, and implement carbon pricing instruments in order to scale up greenhouse gas mitigation actions. It also serves as a platform for countries to share knowledge and work together on cost-effective climate change mitigation actions.
Québec also collaborates with the non-profit International Emissions Trading Association (IETA) whose membership is composed of private-sector companies dedicated to the establishment of an international framework to facilitate the emergence of carbon markets throughout the world.
Limit global warming to less than 2oC above preindustrial levels:
Encourage the development and use of zero-emission vehicles:
Encourage the development of other strategic partnerships:
California: In 2008, Quebec signed the Western Climate Initiative (WCI) and in 2013 further pursued its cooperation by signing an Agreement with the California Air Resources Board on the harmonization and integration of the cap-and-trade systems. The carbon markets are linked since 2014.
Ontario: Québec and Ontario signed several climate agreements, among others:
California and Ontario: In September 2017, Québec, California and Ontario signed an Agreement on the Harmonization and Integration of their Cap-and-Trade systems. The three systems will be linked in 2018.
Manitoba and Ontario: In December 2015, Québec signed an Agreement on climate change collaboration with the two provinces.
Mexico: In October 2015, the Premier of Québec and the Federal Government of Mexico signed an Agreement (In French) to strengthen cooperation between the two governments regarding the environment and climate change.
Mexico and Ontario: In August 2016, Québec, Ontario and Mexico signed a Joint Declaration to collaborate in the fight against climate change. This declaration lays the foundation for the exchange of information and know-how on carbon markets.
Switzerland: In January 2017, Québec’s prime minister and Federal President of the Swiss Confederation and Head of the Federal Department of the Environment, Transport, Energy and Communications signed a Joint Declaration (in French) to increase cooperation between Quebec and Switzerland on energy and on the fight against climate change.